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Table of Contents
- The Metro of Paris
- Paris Metro Lines and Paris Metro Map
- Paris Metro Hours & Parisian Metro Rush Hour
- Paris Public Transportation Price Zones
- Paris Metro Tickets Price
- Navigo Easy: the Paris Metro Pass for Occasional Travelers New!
- Other Paris Metro Passes: Paris Navigo Pass, Paris Mobilis & More
- Paris City Pass: Great for Visiting Paris
- Paris Metro Route Planner & Navigation
- Paris Metro Etiquette
- Metro Paris Tickets for Dogs New!
- When Things Go Wrong in the Metro
- How to Avoid Pickpockets in Paris Subway
- How to Use the Parisian Subway: Advanced Tips by Locals
The Metro of Paris
The Parisian Metro is Europe’s best subway system and allows locals and visitors to go from one point to another one quickly and cheaply.
Inaugurated in 1900 for the Paris World Fair, the centenary Metro of Paris has grown organically trying to adapt itself to the city’s new needs. For this reason, the Paris Subway is a labyrinthine (sometimes chaotic) network of railroads, corridors, and metro stations, and it can be overwhelming for Paris first-time visitors.
The good news is that with the right information, the Paris Metro system is relatively easy to use and it is a great way to discover Paris. With this Paris by Metro Guide, we want to bring you all the information on the best Paris Metro tickets, Paris Metro passes, and our best tips on how to use the Paris Metro like a local.
Paris Metro Lines and Paris Metro Map
The Metro in Paris covers all the Arrondissements of Paris and some of the city’s surrounding suburbs. It is 220 km long and it goes underground most of the time. It has 16 lines, numbered from 1 to 14, plus line 3bis and line 7bis. The Parisian subway counts 302 metro stations, 62 of them with transfers between lines.
To find your bearings, on each platform you have different Paris Metro maps. The most useful maps for you are le Plan du Métro (Map of Paris Underground), and le Plan du Quartier (Neighborhood Map).
On the Paris Metro Map, you can see all the Paris Metro lines with their corresponding colors, the metro stations, and the connections between the lines.
On the Neighborhood Map, you can see on a larger scale the streets of the neighborhood where the metro station is located and all the exits for that metro station. One single metro station can have multiple exits so if you are going to a specific address, have a look at this Plan du Quartier before leaving the metro and choose the exit closer to your destination point, it can save you lots of walking!
A mini foldable map of Paris Underground is also available at the information kiosks located at the metro entrance and it is very handy. On it, you can see the Paris Metro Zone Map, all the metro lines, metro stations, and their connections. If you prefer to have the Paris Subway Map pdf 2019 on your mobile phone, you can download it here for free.
TIP: Check this Alternative Paris Metro Map with walking distances between metro stations. Sometimes it’s faster to walk in the open air than changing metro lines in the basements of Paris!
Paris Metro Travel Essentials
Paris Metro Hours & Parisian Metro Rush Hour
What are the Paris Metro hours? What time does the metro close in Paris?
The Paris Metro Schedule depends on the day of the week. The Metro in Paris runs from 5.30 am to 1.00 am during the weekdays and from 5.30 am to 2.00 am on Friday, Saturday and bank holidays.
If you are using the metro just for visiting Paris, we recommend avoiding the Paris Metro rush hour which is from Monday to Friday from 8 am to 10 am and from 5 pm to 8 pm. Traveling out of the Paris Metro rush hour means an easier journey and perhaps you can also get a seat.
Paris Metro Hours during Christmas Eve and Christmas Day 2019
The Metro Hours for these days are yet to be confirmed. We’ll be adding more details when they are announced, so keep checking back!
Paris Metro Hours during New Year’s Eve 2019 and January 1st, 2020
During New Year’s Eve in Paris, the metro will work all night long. In addition, thanks to the “Free transportation during New Year’s Eve” operation, metros, buses, trams, and RER trains will be for free from December 31, 2019 5 pm to January 1st, 2020 12 pm.
Until 2.15 am, all the Paris metro network will be working. After this time, only some lines will be open but they won’t stop at all the metro stations. Metro lines working non-stop during this special service will be lines 1, 2, 4, 6, 9 and 14. We will add the metro stations open all-night as soon as they are published.
From September 2019 Paris Starts All-Night Metro Services New!
From September 2019 the Paris Metro will work all night long for one Saturday a month. This is still in trial period but it looks promising!
The Metro lines involved are the 1, 2, 5, 5, 6, 9 and 14. On these lines, not all the metro stations will be open, you can check the working metro stations on the map here below.
Additionally, three tram lines will be working all night – the T2, T3a, and T3b – and 20 bus lines will be reinforced.
Traditionally the metro only runs all through the night on New Year’s Eve and Fête de la Musique (June 21st). Now, there are 6 more days of all-night moveable feast:
» September 14, 2019; October 19, 2019; November 9, 2019; January 18, 2020; February 15, 2020; March 14, 2020.
During these dates, the security in metro stations will be also reinforced to be sure everything runs smoothly.
Paris Public Transportation Price Zones
The Paris Public Transportation (Paris and the surrounding area) is divided into 5 circular zones:
- All the Metro Stations in Paris are included in zones 1-2
- Versailles and Paris Orly Airport are located in zone 4
- Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport is located in zone 5
- Fontainebleau is located in zone 5
If this looks complicated, don’t worry: the Paris Metro Map is also a Paris Metro Zone Map where you can see what’s included in each zone.
» If you want to buy a day pass for traveling around Paris you just need to buy if for zones 1-2.
» If you want to buy a day pass to travel around Paris AND visit Versailles, you need to buy it for zones 1-4.
Paris Metro Tickets Price
Metro Paris tickets are also called T+ tickets. The Paris Metro tickets price is 1.90€ and you can use it for zones 1-2 only, for the next 90 minutes after validation. With these tickets Paris Metro, you can also travel by bus, tramway, RER (inside Paris) and on the funicular of Montmartre.
T+ tickets are only valid for getting around Paris. To go from Paris to Versailles or to Fontainebleau it is necessary to purchase a Billet Ile de France, while a Billet Aéroport is the ticket used to travel to the Airports in Paris.
Metro Paris tickets price usually changes every year. We always update this Paris Metro Guide when ticket prices change.
How to buy metro tickets in Paris?
You can buy Metro Paris tickets at all the metro stations, only at the ticket vending machines. The kiosks located at the metro entrance usually don’t sell metro tickets. The Metro staff in the kiosks are there only to inform metro users and eventually help them if there is a problem.
The T+ ticket comes with a few discounts, which are the following:
» A pack of 10 tickets (called “carnet de dix” in French) costs 16.90€, which means 1.69€ /ticket.
» A pack of 10 tickets reduced price (“carnet de dix tarif réduit“ in French), is available for kids from 4 to 9 year old, and it costs 7.45€. There is no single ticket with a reduced price for kids.
OUR TIP: Always keep your Metro Paris ticket until you leave the metro. Ticket controls are very frequent in the Paris Subway, especially at the beginning and at the end of the month.
Finally, tourists or occasional metro travelers in Paris have a loadable pass perfect for their needs. The Navigo Easy Pass is a more flexible and convenient pass that can be loaded with T+ tickets, Orly Bus, Roissy Bus or a 1-day Navigo Pass.
Unlike other Paris metro passes, Navigo Easy Pass does not have a limit of validity, you can use it and load it as many times as you want for 10 years!
Sold in stations for 2€, the Easy Navigo pass is an individual pass. This means that several people CAN NOT travel simultaneously with the same pass. However, it can be lend or given to somebody else if you don’t need it anymore.
TIP: since November 1 2019, the pack of 10 paper tickets costs 16.90€. On the other hand, the rates are frozen on the new services: Navigo Liberté +, Navigo Easy, or the purchase of titles via the phone: 10 tickets with these services still cost 14.90€
The Metro of Paris proposes its users different Paris Metro Passes (called forfaits in French), for different prices and durations. Check out below which Paris Metro card suits you best:
Paris Navigo Pass (daily, weekly, monthly, annual)
The Paris Navigo Pass is the most used pass by the locals. Paris Navigo allows unlimited rides with all the Paris and Ile de France public transportation (except Orly Val) during a day, a week, a month or a full year.
To get a Paris Navigo Pass, first you need to purchase one of the two Paris Metro Cards available: Paris Navigo Personalisée or Paris Navigo Découverte. Once you get the card, charge it with the best Navigo Pass for you.
» The Navigo Daily Pass. It is valid for one day, from 12 am to 11.59 pm. You can buy this pass up to 6 days in advance, and it will start working after the first validation and until the end of the metro service that same day. The cost of this pass is 7,50€ (zones 1-2), 10€ (zones 1-3), 12,40€ (zones 1-4) and 17,80€ (zones 1-5).
» The Navigo Weekly Pass is valid one week, from Monday to Sunday. You can buy the pass from Friday of the previous week until Thursday of the week when you want to use it. If you decide to buy it on Thursday, for example, it means that you will only use it for 4 days (Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday). The cost of this pass is 22,80€ (all zones). “All zones” is the option to choose, even if you only want to travel around Paris.
» The Navigo Monthly Pass is valid for one month, from the 1st of the month until the last day of the month. The cost of this pass is 75.20€ (all zones). “All zones” is the option to choose, even if you only want to travel around Paris.
To load your Paris Navigo Pass, it is necessary to buy a Paris Metro Card. There are two kings of Paris Metro Cards:
» Paris Navigo Personalisée Card is available for Paris and Ile de France residents and it is free under presentation of proof of residence (e.g. an invoice with your address in Paris or Ile de France). You also need to bring a picture to get this card.
» Paris Navigo Découverte Card is available for everybody (residents and non-residents) and it costs 5€. You also need to bring a picture to get this card.
You can get these Paris Metro Cards in the following commercial agencies:
Gare Paris Saint Lazare, Gare du Nord, Gare de Lyon, Bibliothèque François Mitterrand, Gare de Montparnasse, Charles de Gaulle-Etoile Station, and Pereire-Levallois Station.
Once you have the card, you can recharge it with your preferred option (day, week, month or year) in the ticket vending machines in any Paris Metro station.
Did you know? If you speak French, sometimes you will hear in the metro about a certain Carte Orange (Orange Card). Carte Orange and Navigo Pass are the same things. Indeed, many years ago the Navigo Pass was orange, that’s why many people still refer to the Navigo Pass as Carte Orange.
Paris Mobilis Ticket
The Paris Mobilis Ticket is an interesting Paris Metro day pass and the most popular ticket among tourists (well, at least until Navigo easy appeared).
The Paris Mobilis Ticket is valid for one day, from 0.00 to 24.00. The cost of this pass is 7,50€ (zones 1-2), 10€ (zones 1-3), 12,40€ (zones 1-4) and 17,80€ (zones 1-5).
The main advantage of Paris Mobilis against the Paris Navigo Daily Pass is that Mobilis is sold as a magnetic ticket so travelers don’t need to buy any Paris Metro card.
Paris Visite Pass
The Paris Visite Pass allows travelers to use all of the Paris transport networks during 1, 2, 3 or 5 consecutive days.
The pass allows people to travel anywhere in Paris (zones 1 to 3) OR in Paris plus the Île-de-France region (all zones, including airport connections, Orly Val, Disneyland Paris, and Château de Versailles). In addition, its holders get interesting discounts in some Paris tourist sites and shows. You can check the full offer here.
Paris Visite Pass is sold as a magnetic ticket. The ticket fares depend on the zones (1-3 or 1-5) and the number of days. Also, there is a special fare for kids.
TIP: If you want to buy a pass only for transportation in Paris, possibly Paris Mobilis will be more convenient for you. There is nothing that interesting in zone 3 for a Paris first /second timers to get a pass up to it.
Paris Metro Anti-Pollution Pass New!
Does the Parisian air smell bad today? In the event of a pollution spike, the Parisian Metro proposes a 1-day Anti-pollution Pass (forfait antipollution) with unlimited travel on all modes of transport (except Orly Val) throughout Ile-de-France. This pass cost 3.80€ and can be bought at any metro station in Paris.
How to know when this special Paris Metro Pass is available? This information usually appears on the screens of all metro stations just before the metro automatic tripods. You can also check it online, on the RATP website.
Weekend Day Pass for Youth
The Weekend travel pass for youth is a one-day travel pass limited to young people under the age of 26. It can be used only on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays from 12 am to 11.59 pm and for the zones of your choice.
This pass costs 4.10€ for zones 1-3 and 8.95€ for zones 1-5.
Paris City Pass: Great for Visiting Paris
The Paris City Pass is not exactly a Paris transport pass, it is a Paris Tourist Pass. That’s why we wanted to keep it apart from the other Metro Passes.
The Paris City Pass is like a magic wand for Paris. This fantastic Paris tourist pass includes a 1-way transfer from the Airport to the city center, a Skip the Line Louvre Ticket, a Skip the Line Ticket for Montparnasse Tower, a cruise on the River Seine and a 3 days metro card for exploring the City of Light.
If this was not enough, the Paris City Pass proposes also 20% discount on top museums, attractions, tours and excursions (we counted more than 50 proposals on the list!), like tickets and tours for Versailles Palace, Paris guided tours, Paris Catacombs Skip-the-line tickets, tickets for the best Cabarets in Paris and much more.
Unlike other Paris Passes, the Paris City Pass does not have a time limit of days. This allows users to visit the museums and attractions when they want and at their own pace. Only the metro card is valid for 3 consecutive days.
After booking your Paris City Pass online, you will receive your pass by email which avoids you the hassle of finding the pickup place of your pass in a city that you don’t know. This means that you can use your pass as soon as you land in Paris!
Download your Paris Metro App
The best way to navigate Paris by Metro is to download a Paris Metro App on your phone. We use the RATP’s free app Next Stop Paris, available for Android and iPhone.
This Paris Metro App is like a Paris Metro route planner. The app has the map of Paris Underground and its Paris Metro Trip Planner function calculates the best itinerary from A to B for you. Thanks to its geolocation function, it also shows you the closest metro station to your position.
Next Stop Paris works also offline. However, if you are offline you won’t be able to get live Metro traffic news.
Know your direction and follow the panels
Each metro line has a specific color and a number. The panels on the metro walls and the electronic panels on the platforms show the line number and the direction (first station – last station). For example, if you take Line 2, you will see panels with Line #2 Porte Dauphine and Line #2 Nation.
Exits are called SORTIE in French, and a single metro station can have more than one. To choose the right exit, have a look at the Neighbourhood Map, look for your destination, and take the closest exit to your destination.
Metro stations close to a tourist sight always include a brown panel with a sketch drawing of that specific tourist sight. Follow the panel.
Avoid busy metro hubs
Unless it is really necessary, avoid big and crazy metro hubs like Châtelet, Montparnasse or Gare de Lyon. These stations can have up to 15 different platforms and it might take a good 10 minutes to navigate from one line to the other.
We don’t suggest stopping at Châtelet, the direction panels are placed so bad that we always end up turning around the same 2-3 pillars. The only explanation for us is that the panels guy who placed all those panels drunk a little bit too much that day!
Check that your metro station is working New!
Currently, the Metro of Paris is under huge renovation works to adapt the metro stations to people with disabilities. This means that some metro stations are closed to passengers for a certain period of time and the trains do no stop there.
For example, the Parisian Metro just closed Line 11’s terminus in Châtelet (our metro line!!) until 16th December 2019 so if we want to head to Châtelet to go to the cinema we need to find an alternative itinerary.
You can check if the closest metro station to your hotel is open or closed for works on the RATP website.
Paris Metro Etiquette
It is true: Parisians have their own rules when they use the Parisian Metro! Published online, the Paris Metro Etiquette Guide lists “12 basic commandments” split into four categories: ‘helpfulness’, ‘courtesy’, ‘manners’ and ‘politeness’.
Only because you are not Parisian it does not mean that you don’t need to follow the rules. When navigating Paris by Metro there are some big “faux pas” and, local or not, you should know them and remember them well. Most of the rules are based on politeness and common sense like:
» Smoking signs in the metro are not pieces of art but bans.
» Mind your hygiene. Please, mind your hygiene!
» Assist elderly passengers or pregnant women with their bags and let them your seat if they don’t have one.
» Let passengers leave the train before stepping on it. OR if you are on the metro just in front of the door but you don’t need to leave, please step out the metro to let passengers leave and then enter the metro again.
» Avoid folding down seats when the metro is full. This is a HUGE passenger “faux-pas”, not appreciated by commuters (and they won’t hesitate to tell it to you clearly until you stand up).
You will be happy to learn that Parisians are encouraged to be patient and helpful with lost tourists if only to privately relish their bad French: indeed, some Metro Stations like Boucicaut, Daumesnil or Aulnay-sous-Bois are not that easy to pronounce in French 😉
Metro Paris Tickets for Dogs New!
Dogs are allowed in the Parisian Metro in some cases:
» Small dogs, suitably locked in bags or baskets (max 45 cm), provided that they don’t annoy other passengers – FREE
» Dogs with blind people – FREE
» Dogs on a leash and muzzled – these dogs need Paris Metro tickets, reduced price
When Things Go Wrong in the Metro
When using the Metro in Paris, check the information monitors with the status of all metro lines before taking the first train. If there is an issue with your metro line, you can look for a plan B by checking the Paris Metro Map.
From time to time, you will hear some information coming from the metro loudspeakers, on the platforms and also inside the trains.
Some messages like “Beware of pickpockets” or “Please mind the gap between the train and the platform” are multilingual messages repeated in French, English, Italian, German, Spanish, Japanese, and Chinese. Other messages, instead, are only in French and they are not that specific even for locals.
What the heck are they saying? Should you worry? Here are the most common messages in French and what they usually mean:
» “Colis suspect” or “bagage abandonné”: abandoned bag or luggage, the traffic is interrupted until the police arrive and check the bag.
» “Panne de signalisation”: there is a technical problem like cable theft of, degradation of a rail or failure in the electrical system.
» “Incident d’exploitation”: this is a “jolly” expression which can mean many things. It can come from both infrastructure (referral problems) and external elements like alarm signal or people on the tracks.
» “Incident voyageur” or “malaise voyageur”: a traveler is considered to be “sick or ill” if he suffers from heart problems, fainting or simply hotshots. The metro driver must go to check his condition so the train stops.
» “En raison d’incident divers”, le trafic est perturbé, voir arrêté”: one of the worst messages that you can hear in the Metro in Paris because it means that many things are happening at the same time. Start thinking about a plan B.
» “Incident grave voyageur”: this is the worst message that you can hear in the Metro. Unfortunately, most of the times it means that there was a suicide somewhere along the line and the train has to stop. Leave the train and look for a plan B.
How to Avoid Pickpockets in Paris Subway
Unfortunately, pickpockets are common in the Paris Underground, especially along line 9, with stops like Trocadero or Champs Elysées. Be careful not only inside the trains or platforms because thieves also like busy mechanical stairs, especially when they are going upstairs: they place themselves right after you, one step below you, which is the perfect position to open your backpack.
How to avoid pickpockets in the Parisian Metro?
» Try to stay as awake and aware as you can, especially in the most touristy areas.
» Don’t show valuable belongings like expensive cameras around your neck, fancy mobile phones or big jewels.
» Since you enter the metro and until you go again up to the surface, keep your backpack in front of you.
» Consider an antitheft shoulder bag
» A money belt is always a good idea for tourists
» If anyone spills anything on you, just refuse their help. If you were walking, keep walking.
How to Use the Parisian Subway: Advanced Tips by Locals
If you have read all the chapters down to here, you know by now how to use the Paris Metro like a local. But there is more! Read the tips below for becoming a seasoned pro on using the Parisian Subway:
Are you meeting other people in the city? In Paris, it is common to meet our friends at the exit of a specific metro station. But what happens when a metro station has many different exists? To avoid confusions, we always meet at exit #1.
A Metro with an Interesting History and Beautiful Metro Stations
Le Metro de Paris, the second oldest metro in the world only after London, has an interesting history and beautiful metro stations. Read the informative panels (in French) to learn about its history and some curious anecdotes. Also, if you have some extra time, visit the most beautiful metro stations, you can read about our favorite metro stations in Paris here.
Pro Paris Metro Apps
Paris-ci la Sortie du Metro is a cool Paris Metro apps that allow you to save between 5-10 minutes in the metro.
How do they work? The Parisian Subway has platforms with an average length of 80m which means up to four minutes walk from one side to the opposite side during rush hour. On these two apps you introduce the line that you take, the station where you intend to stop and the direction you want to take, it can be an exit or a connection. The app then tells you which is the best position on the train (back – middle or front) to travel to reduce the walking time through the platform.
This is probably our longest post on this blog but we hope that you liked it! If you find it helpful, don’t hesitate to share it with your friends traveling to Paris.
Some interesting articles in the blog
- Plan your first time in Paris here
- The Paris Arrondissements Guide is here
- Check how to skip the lines in Paris here
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