- PARIS BY METRO
- PARIS METRO LINES, PRICE ZONES AND PARIS METRO MAP
- PARIS METRO TIMETABLE AND PARIS METRO RUSH HOUR
- PARIS PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PRICE ZONES
- METRO PARIS TICKETS PRICE
- PARIS METRO PASSES: PARIS NAVIGO, PARIS MOBILIS AND MORE
- PARIS CITY PASS
- PARIS METRO ROUTE PLANNER AND NAVIGATION
- PARIS METRO ETIQUETTE
- HOW TO AVOID PICKPOCKETS IN PARISIAN METRO
- HOW TO USE THE PARIS METRO SYSTEM: ADVANCED TIPS BY LOCALS
PARIS BY METRO
Le Métro de Paris is Europe’s best subway system and allows locals and visitors to go from one point to another one quickly and cheaply. Inaugurated in 1900 for the Paris World Fair, the centenary Paris subway has grown organically trying to adapt itself to the city’s new needs. For this reason, the Paris underground is a labyrinthic (sometimes chaotic) network of railroads, corridors, and metro stations and it can be overwhelming for first-time visitors. The good news is that with the right information, the Paris Metro system is relatively easy to use and it is a great way to discover Paris. Here are all the information and our best tips on how to use the Paris Metro like a local.
PARIS METRO LINES, PRICE ZONES AND PARIS METRO MAP
The Métro de Paris is 220 km long and it goes underground most of the time. It has 16 lines, numbered from 1 to 14, plus line 3bis and line 7bis. The Paris subway counts 302 metro stations, 62 of them with transfers between lines.
To find your bearings, on each platform you have different maps. The most useful maps for you are le Plan du Métro (Paris Metro Map), and le Plan du Quartier (Neighborhood Map). On the Paris Metro Map, you can see all the Paris Metro lines with their corresponding colors, the metro stations, and the connections between the lines. On the Neighborhood Map, you can see on a larger scale the streets of the neighborhood where the metro station is located and all the exits for that metro station. One single metro station can have multiple exits so if you are going to a specific address, have a look at this Plan du Quartier before leaving the metro and choose the exit closer to your destination point, it can save you lots of walking!
A mini foldable map of Paris Underground is also available at the information kiosks located at the metro entrance and it is very handy. Also, you can download the Paris Metro Map in pdf format here.
Paris Metro Travel Essentials
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PARIS METRO TIMETABLE AND PARIS METRO RUSH HOUR
The metro of Paris runs from 5.30 am to 1 am during the weekdays and from 5.30 am to 2 am on Friday, Saturday and bank holidays.
If you are using the metro just for visiting Paris, we recommend avoiding the Paris Metro rush hour which is from 8 am to 10 am and from 5 pm to 8 pm. Out of the Paris Metro rush hour means an easier journey and perhaps also a seat.
PARIS PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PRICE ZONES
The Paris Public Transportation (Paris and the surrounding area) is divided into 5 circular zones:
- All the Metro Stations in Paris are included in zones 1-2
- Versailles and Paris Orly Airport are located in zone 4
- Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport is located in zone 5
- Fontainebleau is located in zone 5
If you want to buy a day pass for traveling around Paris you just need to buy if tor zones 1-2.
If you want to buy a day pass for traveling around Paris AND Versailles, you need to take the option zones 1-4.
METRO PARIS TICKETS PRICE
Paris Metro tickets are also called T+ tickets. The Metro Paris tickets price is 1.90€ and you can use it for zones 1-2 only, during 90 minutes after its validation. You can buy Metro Paris tickets in all the metro stations, only at the machines. The kiosks located at the metro entrance usually don’t sell metro tickets. The Metro staff in the information kiosk only inform metro users and eventually help them if there is a problem.
The T+ ticket comes with a few discounts, which are the following:
A pack of 10 tickets (called “carnet de dix” in French) costs 14.90€, which means 1.45€ /ticket.
A pack of 10 tickets reduced price (“carnet de dix tarif réduit” in French), is available for kids from 4 to 9 year old, and it costs 7.45€. There is no single ticket reduced price for kids.
Always keep your Metro Paris ticket until you leave the metro. Ticket controls are very frequent in the Paris Subway, especially at the beginning and at the end of the month.
This T+ ticket is not valid to travel to the Paris Airports (choose “Billet Aéroport” option), Versailles or Fontainebleau (choose “Billet Ile de France” option).
PARIS METRO PASSES: PARIS NAVIGO, PARIS MOBILIS AND MORE
Le Métro de Paris proposes its users different Paris Metro Passes (called “forfaits” in French), for different prices and durations. Check out below which one suits you best:
Paris Navigo Pass (daily, weekly, monthly, annual) and Paris Metro Cards
This is the most used pass by the locals. Paris Navigo Pass allows unlimited rides with all the Paris public transportation during a day, a week, a month or a full year. To get a Paris Navigo Pass first you need to purchase one of the two Paris Metro Cards available: Paris Navigo Personalisée or Paris Navigo Découverte. Once you get the card, charge it with the best Navigo Pass for you.
Paris Navigo Personalisée Card is available for Paris and Ile de France residents and it is free under presentation of proof of residence (ie. an invoice). You also need to bring a picture for this card.
Paris Navigo Découverte Card is available for everybody (residents and non-resident) and it costs 5€. You also need to bring a picture for this card.
You can get these Paris Metro Cards in the following commercial agencies:
Gare Paris Saint Lazare, Gare du Nord, Gare de Lyon, Bibliothèque François Mitterrand, Gare de Montparnasse, Charles de Gaulle-Etoile Station, and Pereire-Levallois Station.
Once you have the card, you can recharge it in the machines in any Paris Metro station.
The Navigo Daily Pass is valid for one day, from 12 am to 11.59 pm. You can buy this pass up to 6 days in advance, and it will start working after the first validation and until the end of the metro service that same day. The cost of this pass is 7,50€ (zones 1-2), 10€ (zones 1-3), 12,40€ (zones 1-4) and 17,80€ (zones 1-5).
The Navigo Weekly Pass is valid one week, from Monday to Sunday. You can buy the pass from Friday of the previous week until Thursday of the week when you want to use it. If you decide to buy it on Thursday, for example, it means that you will only use it for 4 days. The cost of this pass is 22,80€ (all zones). “All zones” is the option to choose, even if you only want to travel around Paris.
The Navigo Monthly Pass is valid for one month, from the 1st of the month until the last day of the month. The cost of this pass is 75.20€ (all zones). “All zones” is the option to choose, even if you only want to travel around Paris.
The advantage of the Navigo Monthly Pass is that during the weekend you can use it to travel also all around the province of Ile de France at no extra cost. This extra option is not available for the weekly pass.
Paris Mobilis Ticket
This is the most popular ticket for tourists. The Paris Mobilis Ticket is valid for one day, from 0.00 to 24.00. The cost of this pass is 7,50€ (zones 1-2), 10€ (zones 1-3), 12,40€ (zones 1-4) and 17,80€ (zones 1-5). The main advantage of Paris Mobilis against the Paris Navigo Daily Pass is that Mobilis is sold as a magnetic ticket so you don’t need to buy any Paris Metro card.
Paris Visite Pass
The Paris Visite Pass allows you to use all of the public transport networks during 1, 2, 3 or 5 consecutive days. The pass allows you to travel anywhere in Paris (zones 1 to 3) OR in Paris plus the Île-de-France region (all zones, including airport connections, Orlyval, Disneyland Paris and Château de Versailles). In addition, its holders get interesting discounts in some Paris Tourist sites and shows. You can check the full offer here.
Paris Visite Pass is sold as a magnetic ticket. The ticket fares depend on the zones (1-3 or 1-5) and the number of days. Also, there is a special fare for kids.
PRO TIP – If you want to buy a pass only for the transportation in Paris, probably Paris Mobilis will be more convenient for you. There is nothing that interesting in zone 3 for a Paris first /second timer to get a pass up to it.
Weekend Day Pass for Youth
The Weekend travel pass for youth is a one-day travel pass limited to young people under age of 26. It can be used only on Saturdays, Sundays and bank holidays from 12 am to 11.59 pm and for the zones of your choice. This pass costs 4.10€ for zones 1-3 and 8.95€ for zones 1-5.
PARIS CITY PASS
This is not exactly a Paris Public Transportation pass, that’s why we wanted to keep it apart from the other Metro Passes.
Paris City Pass is like a magic wand for Paris. This fantastic Paris Tourist Pass includes a 1-way transfer from the Airport to the city center, a Skip the Line Louvre Ticket, a Skip the Line Ticket for Montparnasse Tower, a cruise on the River Seine and a 3 days metro card for exploring the City of Light. If this was not enough, the Paris City Pass proposes also 20% discount on top museums, attractions, tours and excursions (we counted more than 50 proposals on the list!), like tickets and tours for Versailles, Paris guided tours, Paris Catacombs skip the line tickets, tickets for the best Paris Cabarets and much more.
Paris City Pass does not have a time limit of days like other city passes. This allows you to visit the museums and attractions when you want and at your own pace. Only the metro card is valid for 3 days.
After booking your Paris City Pass online, you receive your pass by email which avoids you the hassle of finding the pickup place of your pass in a city that you don’t know. This means that you can use your pass as soon as you land in Paris.
PARIS METRO ROUTE PLANNER AND NAVIGATION
Download your Paris Metro App
The best way to navigate the Metro of Paris is to download a Paris Metro App on your phone. We use the RATP’s free app Next Stop Paris, available for Android and i-phone. This Paris Metro App is like a Paris Metro route planner. The app has the map of Paris Underground and its Paris Metro Trip Planner function calculates the best itinerary from A to B for you. Thanks to its geo-location function, it also shows you the closest metro station to your position.
Know your direction and follow the panels
Each line has a color and a number. The panels on the metro walls and the electronic panels on the platforms include the line number and the direction (first station – last station). For example, if you take Line 2, you will see panels with Line #2 Porte Dauphine and Line #2 Nation.
Exits are called SORTIE, and a single metro station can have more than one. We told you already in the first paragraph what to do to choose the right one.
Metro stations close to a tourist sight always include a brown panel with a sketch drawing of that specific tourist sight. Follow the panel.
Avoid busy metro hubs
Unless it is really necessary, avoid big and crazy metro hubs like Châtelet, Montparnasse or Gare de Lyon. These stations can have up to 15 different platforms and it might take a good 10 minutes to navigate from one line to the other. We don’t suggest stopping at Châtelet, the direction panels are placed so bad that we always end up turning around the same 2-3 pillars. The only explanation for us is that the panels guy who placed all those panels was drunk that day!
PARIS METRO ETIQUETTE
It is true: Parisians have rules for their Paris Underground system. Published online, the Paris Metro Etiquette Guide lists 12 ‘commandments’ split into four categories – ‘helpfulness’, ‘courtesy’, ‘manners’ and ‘politeness’. Only because you are not Parisian it does not mean that you don’t need to follow the rules. There are some big faux pas and, tourist or not, you should know and remember them well. Most of the rules are based on politeness and common sense like:
>> Smoking signs in the metro are not pieces of art but bans.
>> Mind your hygiene. Please, mind your hygiene!
>> Assist elderly passengers or pregnant women with their bags and let them your seat if they don’t have one.
>> Let passengers leave the train before stepping on it.
>> Avoid folding down seats when the metro is full as this is a big passenger faux-pas and not appreciated by commuters (and they won’t hesitate to tell it to you clearly until you stand up).
You will be happy to learn that Parisians are encouraged to be patient and helpful with lost tourists if only to privately relish their bad French: indeed, some Metro Stations like Boucicaut, Daumesnil or Aulnay-sous-Bois are not that easy to pronounce 😉
HOW TO AVOID PICKPOCKETS IN PARISIAN METRO
Unfortunately, pickpockets are common in the Parisian Metro, especially along line 9, with stops like Trocadero or Champs Elysées. Be careful not only inside the trains or platforms, thieves also like busy mechanical stairs, especially when they are going upstairs: they are right after you and slightly below you, the perfect position to check and open your backpack.
How to avoid pickpockets in Paris Metro?
>> Try to stay as awake and aware as you can, especially in the most touristy areas.
>> Don’t show valuable belongings like expensive cameras around your neck, fancy mobile phones or big jewels.
>> Since you enter the metro and until you go again up to the surface, keep your backpack in front of you.
>> A money belt is always a good idea for tourists.
>> If anyone spills anything on you, just refuse their help. If you were walking, keep walking.
HOW TO USE THE PARIS METRO SYSTEM: ADVANCED TIPS BY LOCALS
If you have read all the chapters down to here you know by now how to use the Paris Metro like a local. But there is more! Read the tips below for becoming a seasoned pro on Paris by Metro.
Are you meeting other people? In Paris, it is common to meet our friends at the exit of a specific metro station. To avoid confusions when a metro has many exits, we always meet at the exit #1 of that specific metro station.
Interesting History and Metro Stations
The Parisian Metro, the second oldest metro in the world only after London, has an interesting history and beautiful metro stations. Read the informative panels (in French) to learn about its history and some curious anecdotes. Also, if you have some extra time, visit the most beautiful metro stations, you can read about our favorite metro stations in Paris here.
From time to time, you will hear some information coming from the metro loudspeakers, on the platforms and also inside the trains. Some messages like “Beware of pickpockets” or “Please mind the gap between the train and the platform” are multilingual messages repeated in French, English, Italian, German, Spanish, Japanese, and Chinese. Other messages, instead, are only in French and they are not that specific even for locals. What the heck are they saying? Should you worry? Here are the most common messages in French and what they usually mean:
>> “Colis suspect” or “bagage abandonné”: abandoned bag or luggage, the traffic is interrupted until the police arrive and check the bag.
>> “Panne de signalisation”: there is a technical problem like cable theft of, degradation of a rail or failure in the electrical system.
>> “Incident d’exploitation” = it can be many things. It can come from both infrastructure (referral problems) and external elements like alarm signal or people on the tracks.
>> “Incident voyageur” or “malaise voyageur”: a traveler is considered to be ill if he suffers from heart problems, fainting or simply hot shots. The metro driver must go to check his condition so the train stops.
>> “En raison d’incident divers”, le trafic est perturbé, voir arrêté”: one of the worst messages that you can hear in the metro because it means that many things are happening at the same time. Start thinking about a plan B.
>> “Incident grave voyageur”: this is the worst message that you can hear in the metro, most of the times it means that there was a suicide somewhere along the line and the train has to stop. Leave the train and look for a plan B.
Pro Paris Metro Apps
Le Métro de Paris has platforms with an average length of 80m which means up to four minutes walk from one side to the opposite side during rush hour. On these two apps you introduce the line that you take, the station where you intend to stop and the direction you want to take, it can be an exit or a connection. The app then tells you which is the best position on the train (back – middle or front) to travel to reduce the walking time along the platform.
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