The Moulin Rouge Paris, is the world’s most famous cabaret, with more than 130 years of history. Located at the foot of Montmartre, in the 18th Arrondissement of Paris, the Moulin Rouge is one of the top tourist attractions of Paris at night.
The history of the Moulin Rouge starts at the end of the 19th century. Founded by the businessmen Joseph Oller et Charles Zidler, Le Bal du Moulin Rouge (its former name) opened its doors on 6 October 1899. After the War of 1870, the Parisians were in need of debauchery and parties, and the Moulin Rouge provided just that.
Extravagant and original, with stunning decoration, a gigantic dance floor, and fantastic shows inspired by the circus world, the Moulin Rouge became in just a few months, the place where bourgeois from all over the capital came to be around girls of loose morals and Pigalle’s bad guys.
Today, the Moulin Rouge has lost almost nothing of its grandeur except for its offhanded beginnings. It remains one of the best cabarets in Paris and a magical place to see great performances and the famous French cancan dance.
The Moulin Rouge proposes different options:
- Cabaret show + glass of champagne
- Cabaret show + dinner (different menus, also vegetarian and vegan menus)
Get Your Guide offers interesting Paris bundles that include the Moulin Rouge worth considering:
The Moulin Rouge is one of the top things to see in Paris. We recommend visiting the Moulin Rouge in the following Paris itineraries:
Moulin Rouge – History and Facts
Do you want to know more about this iconic attraction in the French capital, the quirkiest Moulin Rouge facts? Here’s what nobody told you about the Moulin Rouge, Paris.
1. Its Architecture Recalls Montmartre’s Rustic Past
The Moulin Rouge history is long. The building sits on the grounds of the former Bal de la Reine Blanche, which closed in 1885. The Moulin Rouge’s design was entrusted to Adolphe Willette, a famous cartoonist, whose idea was to create a place reminiscent of the countryside of Montmartre, where there were still around 20 windmills. The bright red color symbolizes celebration and luxury. If you take this self-guided Montmartre walking tour, you can still see one of these windmills, Moulin of the Blute-Fin, built around 1622.
2. 6 October 1899: the Opening
On 6 October 1899, there was a traffic jam of horse-drawn carriages in front of 82 Boulevard de Clichy, at the foot of Montmartre. Nobody wanted to miss the opening of the Moulin Rouge, the new Parisian cabaret!
Its founders did not choose the red color by chance: it was not easy to miss a building like that! In addition, the Moulin Rouge was the first building in the whole city to use electricity, a marvelous new technology. This is how the windmill’s arms spun around, and the building was ablaze with electric lightbulbs.
The doors opened at 8 pm, and Paris was about to become the world’s party capital.
3. The Moulin Rouge was One of the Largest Entertainment Facilities in Paris
To enter Le Bal du Moulin Rouge, guests had to pay 50 cents. The place was extravagant, with a huge dance floor and a back garden with donkey rides to entertain female guests.
The garden was also home to a giant plaster elephant, recycled from the 1889 World’s Fair. The animal housed in its paw a small room reserved for men (a fumoir) where a belly dancer performed.
From 10 pm, about twenty young women came on stage and set to the furious rhythm of Offenbach’s music; they lifted their petticoats and show their panties. They were the ‘cancaneuses,’ experts of this new dance named cancan, which enjoyed great success despite the censorship by the State and Church. The cancaneuse were named Grille d’Egoût, Nini Patte en l’Air, la Môme Fromage…
The star, however, was La Goulue, who lifted her legs like nobody else. She even became the emblem of the Moulin Rouge under the brush of the painter Toulouse Lautrec.
The bourgeoisie mingled with the riffraff at the Moulin Rouge and out of sight. They met, they drank, and they laughed in front of the Pétomane. Ass to the air on the stage, his fart melodies caused general hilarity!
The first Moulin Rouge reviews (cabaret shows) began on 19 April 1890 under the name of Circassiens et Circassiennes.
In 1893, the Bal des Quat’z’Arts (one of the most infamous Moulin Roug reviews) caused a scandal with its parade of naked Cleopatra surrounded by young girls also naked.
The last ball at the Moulin-Rouge took place on 29 November 1902. Then, the place was transformed into a concert theater.
4. The Current Building Isn’t the Original Moulin Rouge
On 27 February 1915, a fire devastated the Moulin Rouge, the reconstruction of which only began in 1921. The Moulin Rouge was rebuilt in 1921 identically, but the elephant had disappeared sometime beforehand. The garden had also been gradually fazed out.
The current hall was inaugurated on 22 June 1951, and apart from the recent heightening of the ceiling, nothing has changed since then.
The tree-shaped pillars that support the striped hangings refer to the Moulin Rouge’s early-hours garden.
Today, people can experience something close to the ambiance of the former garden at the cabaret’s hidden bar, Le Bar à Bulles, accessible via the alley to the left of the cabaret (4, Cité Veron, Paris). This is one of our favorite places of hidden Montmartre, and you can see it also featured in this post.
5. Many Famous Performing Artists have Graced its Stage
The history of the Moulin Rouge is full of famous performing artists. After the First World War, the businessman Francis Salabert took control of the Moulin-Rouge. He entrusted Jacques-Charles, the number 1 of reviews of the time, with the task of reviving the colors of the cabaret.
The Moulin-Rouge then took off again, thanks to stars such as Gina Palermo, Mistinguett, Jeanne Aubert, and Maurice Chevalier, as well as the presentation, for the first time in Paris, of American revues with the Hoffmann Girls.
Then as of the 1930s, the Moulin Rouge was also used for concerts. In addition to cabaret-related personalities like Edith Piaf and Josephine Baker, the cabaret’s stage has played host to Charles Trenet, Charles Aznavour, Line Renaud, Gina Rogers, Frank Sinatra, Liza Minelli, Ella Fitzgerald, Ray Charles, Charles Chaplin, and more.
6. After ‘Frou-Frou,’ the Names of all the Moulin Rouge Reviews Begin with ‘F’
This is one of the most interesting Moulin Rouge facts, the names of its reviews! In November 1957, Doris Haug arrived at the Moulin Rouge and founded the Doris Girls troupe. In March 1962, she created the review Cancan, then Frou-Frou with the help of the choreographer Ruggero Angeletti.
Following the success of the Moulin Rouge review Frou-Frou, by superstition, all the Moulin Rouge Paris reviews begin with the letter F. Nine reviews have been created since Frou-Frou: Frisson, Fascination, Fantastic, Festival, Follement, Frénésie, Femmes Femmes Femmes, Formidable and Féérie.
It takes two years to create a new Moulin Rouge review, resulting in a five-week closure for rehearsals.
Féérie is the 10th and last review to date. The budget for the review Féérie is estimated at 10 million euros, including 4 million euros for some 1,000 costumes and 800 pairs of shoes.
7. The Australians Make Up More than a Third of the Doris Girls
The Moulin Rouge’s troupe has 80 artists of 14 nationalities, of which around 20 artists are men. The majority of the artists are Australians, and Australians also make up more than a third of the Doris Girls.
At least three casting sessions are organized per year, in which around 600 dancers participate each time for sometimes only two vacancies. The height required to join the dance troupe is at least 1.75m for girls and 1.85m for boys.
All members of the troupe are trained in classical dance and continue to take classes every week. They must be fit (they dance 6 hours a day, six days) and strong (some costumes are very heavy).
English is the official language at the Moulin Rouge, but all members of the troop receive French lessons.
8. The Moulin Rouge Owns Unique Know-How of Costume-Making
To preserve the unique know-how of costume-making, the Moulin Rouge bought the mythical Atelier Mine Vergès for costumes, the Maison Fevrier for feathers, the Maison Clairvoy for shoes, and Atelier Valentin for embroidery.
9. All the Costumes are Hand-Made (and Amazing!)
All outfits are by Maison Vergès, sewn on-site in the Moulin Rouge, and by hand!
The ateliers couture are open from 8.30 am to 11.30 pm. There’s a day team and a night team to sew and repair costumes non-stop.
The most elaborate costumes can weigh up to 5 kg, while 150 m of tissue is necessary for a frou-frou (the typical cancan skirt).
All the crystals used for the costumes are Swarovski.
Three kilometers of ostrich feather boas come out of Maison Fevrier every year. For a 3.50 m boa, it takes around 16 months of manufacturing.
10. The Moulin Rouge is a Referenced Place for the French Gastronomy
In September 2017, the Gauld & Millau (a demanding gastronomic guide referencing the best addresses since 1972) made the Moulin Rouge’s table one of the capital’s essentials thanks to Chef Le Quellec’s inventive cuisine made of fresh produce. This is definitely an important milestone in the history of the Moulin Rouge!
Chef David Le Quellec arrived at the Moulin Rouge Paris in 2015. To meet this culinary challenge, Le Quellec put together a team of 25 people in the kitchen, and 5 people to assist the Pastry Chef. All the plates are prepared on-site.
Who said that the food in the Parisian cabarets is not good? Click here to book the Moulin Rouge cabaret show with dinner.
Other Quirky Moulin Rouge Facts
The Moulin Rouge is the world’s largest champagne consumer (private company), with 240,000 champagne bottles opened per year. Also, 50,000 wine bottles are served per year.
The Moulin Rouge has inspired many films, including Moulin Rouge by Yves Mirande in 1939, Moulin Rouge by John Huston in 1952, French Cancan by Jean Renoir in 1954, and Moulin Rouge by Baz Luhrmann in 2001.
The Moulin Rouge produces and markets its own honey. The cabaret has five beehives located on the terrace.
The Moulin Rouge holds five world records related to French cancan:
- the greatest number of positions of the leg around the head (30 in 30 seconds by solo dancer Adonis Kosmadakis)
- the greatest number of ‘serpillères’ (36 large rotating gaps in 30 seconds by solo dancer Nicolas Pihiliangegedara)
- the greatest number of leg lifts (720 in 30 seconds, performed by 30 Doris Girls in a single row)
- the greatest number of French cancan ‘grands écarts’ (wide spreads) in a row (30 dancers of the troop chained 62 in 30 seconds)
What to Do near the Moulin Rouge, Paris?
- Place du Tertre
- Musée de Montmartre
- Musée Dalí
- Sacré-Coeur Basilica
- The Love Wall